Zoltan Bogathy – Psihologia muncii si Uploaded by CarmenMihaela Carmen. Copyright: © All Rights Reserved. Download as PDF or read. Asociaţia de Psihologie Industrială şi Organizaţională Zoltán Bogáthy – Universitatea de Vest, Timişoara în conformitate cu standardele de publicare din “Publication Manual of the . Cărţi noi de psihologia muncii şi organizaţională. Bogathy, Z., , Manual de psihologia muncii şi organizaţională, Editura Polirom, Iaşi; Zlate, M.,. , Leadership şi management, Editura Polirom, Iaşi; Zlate.

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Industrial-organizational I-O psychology is the scientific study of the workplace. Rigor and methods of psychology are applied to issues of critical relevance to business, including talent management, coaching, assessment, selection, training, organizational development, performance, and work-life balance.

Please feel free to e-mail me: Tired of license plate bingo? Has the Handbook of I-O Psychology on tape suddenly lost its luster? The following pages provide everything you need to know to engage your travel companions in a lively discussion about the evolution of I-O psychology in Romania. The following article describes the state of I-O psychology in a country that has undergone a great deal of change in the past 18 years.

The challenges our Romanian colleagues have encountered along the way are described and discussed. Many of these challenges involve things we have the luxury of taking for granted, that is, obstacles that U.

I-O psychologists rarely have to grapple with. Read on for details. Romania, a full member of the European Union since January 1,is located in munii Europe and has a population of around 22 million people.

Landy and Pitariu have also published accounts of psychology and I-O psychology in Romania. Both these accounts were given shortly before and after the Romanian revolutionwhich was an important turning point in the modern history of the country. A lot has happened in Romanian psychology and I-O psychology since The purpose of this article is to present the current status and some future directions in Romanian I-O psychology.

This was in part due to the general communist ban on traveling, international contacts, and personal freedom. But in part it was also due to the fact that Romanian psychology was dismantled as an academic discipline in and succeeded to survive for the following years only housed in departments of education and mjncii.

Through the efforts of a small group of Romanian psychologists most of them being I-O psychologists that included the late Prof. Ioan Radu, the late Prof. Mielu Zlate, and Prof.

Horia Pitariu, psychological research continued to be published in Revista de psihologie Journal of Psychology. Only the Romanian revolution in brought forth the prerequisites for psychology to again become the vigorous discipline it was from the early s until For more on the history of psychology in Romania, the interested reader can see Iliescu et al.

I-O psychology is a well established area of psychology in Romania. Most academic programs in psychology also teach courses in work, industrial, and organizational psychology. Also, most academic programs in psychology offer undergraduate specializations in I-O. This specialization is also acknowledged by the Psychological Commission, which is a regulating and certifying professional body of psychologists in Organizarionala. Professional psychological practice, according to the Commission, can be done in Romania today in one of three areas: In recent years, several important volumes have been published in the domain of I-O psychology.


The first is a human resources management book written by a leading I-O psychologist Pitariu,which won a Romanian Academy of Sciences award.

Zoltan Bogathy Psihologia Muncii Si Organizationala 2004 (1)

Finally, a two-volume Treatise of Organizational and Managerial Psychology was written by the late professor Mielu Zlate and published last year.

Both the undergraduate and the graduate courses provide specialization; thus, an undergraduate specialized in I-O psychology has all the professional rights of a fully trained psychologist. Most practicing Romanian psychologists have undergraduate degrees in psychology with specializations in Mucii.

This focus on undergraduate education is definitely undergoing change since Romania joined the European Union. In order to practice psychology, one will also need a certification from the Romanian Psychological Commission Colegiul Psihologilor din Romania, www. What still lags dozens of years behind is the vigor of research and the international impact of this research.

One possible explanation may orgahizationala the relatively difficult access to the latest journals and articles in the field due to their high costs. Main areas of interest for I-O psychologists are marked by a huge difference both organizatjonala focus and in approach between academic programs and real-life practice. Muncki programs are quite up to date with the standards of knowledge at an international level. This contrasts with the U. Practitioners rarely focus on conceptually complicated issues or on research but mostly use turn-key instruments that bring fast results.

Zoltan Bogathy – Psihologia muncii si organizationala | SORIN IONEL SURUGIU –

Most of their work is dedicated to performance-related issues like recruitment, selection, training, and performance evaluation. Also, I-O psychologists rarely reach top levels in consulting firms but are most of the time dedicated to technical issues.

Most I-O psychologists work in consulting businesses in the human resources area, where their expertise is heavily challenged by specialists from the managerial sciences, even in those areas where psychologists have traditionally had the upper hand. This challenge is encouraged by the current legal framework, in which activities like job analysis or psychological testing procedures are not mandatory in order to ensure fairness, equal opportunities, or safety in the workplace.

Under these circumstances, real competencies in technical and supporting areas that provide important prerequisites for the HR process are not sought after—and nonpsychologists often have the upper hand. Romanian Association for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. APIO currently has around members, a small number of whom are academics. Most are former students who have joined the association while still studying and have remained members as practitioners.

Although the proportion of academics to practitioners is 1: APIO organizes an annual 3-day conference where academics and practitioners meet for presentations and workshops. Each conference brings together around 50 members of APIO, has 5—7 symposia, 3—4 workshops, and 2—3 poster sessions. The conference took place in Cluj-Napoca between May 10— SinceAPIO also publishes its own journal: Psihologia Resurselor Umane The Psychology of Human Resourcesa PsycInfo abstracted journal that includes research and commentaries from both academicians and practitioners.

Levine, and Paul E. As discussed next, there are three areas of research where Romanian I-O psychologists can play an important role:. The admission process for most of the Romanian universities involves either the analysis of a short biographical file or a formal knowledge-based exam. There is virtually no research that examines the validity of the selection process.

There is a great need for validation studies and perhaps developing standardized tests for educational selection at undergraduate and graduate levels. In the personnel selection arena, there is a lot of work to be done, especially in the public sector.


Most of the personnel selection in public organizations involves unstructured interviews, knowledge-based exams most of them testing the legal knowledge of the applicants. There is virtually zero evidence on the utility and validity of selection practices currently used. Due to the economic conditions, Romania has a huge worker migration problem.

Unofficial estimates indicate that there are around 2. The problem will likely accelerate now that Romania has joined the European Union and free migration of the workforce is a fact. Romanian psychology in general has had little impact on the international scene David et al. So far, most of the Romanian I-O research is either part of large cross-cultural projects e. We need more emic indigenous approaches, developing scales and questionnaires that take into account cultural differences, and research on relevant issues to Romanian society that can also make a contribution to the literature e.

The current situation of Romanian I-O psychology can be compared with a convalescence after a long and painful crisis. But the doctors are certainly optimistic about the future of the patient. The legal framework for the I-O profession stands in place, both academics and practitioners have made a vengeful comeback in the last 3—5 years, and there is yet no telling where this extremely positive evolution will stop.

The field of I-O psychology seems to be heading in the right direction, towards a generation of scientist—practitioners with great professional skills. We are sure that only good things will be heard in the future about Romanian I-O psychology in the international arena. So there you have it—an enlightening overview of Romanian I-O psychology and the transformations it has undergone. As you can see, our colleagues have encountered some unique challenges and opportunities in their efforts to study organizational science and contribute to the well-being of the Romanian workforce.

Recent trends show positive change, and the foreseeable future looks bright as the science and practice of I-O psychology continue to advance in this important area of the world. Manual de psihologia muncii si organizationala Handbook of work and organizational psychology. Romanian psychology on the international psychological scene: A preliminary critical and empirical approach. European Psychologist, 7, — The Psychologist, 20 134— Commitment in a transitional economy: The three component model of organizational commitment in Romania.

The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 24, 21— I-O Psychology in Romania: Past, Present, and Intentions.

What is I-O?

The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 29 429— Masurarea performantelor profesionale Human resources management: Psihologia Resurselor Umane, 2 140— Do national levels of individualism and internal locus of control relate to well-being: An ecological level international study.

Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22— Tratat de psihologie organizational-manageriala Treatise of organizational-managerial psychology. As discussed next, there are three areas of research where Romanian I-O psychologists can play an important role: Educational and occupational selection The admission process for most of the Romanian universities involves either the analysis of a short biographical file or a formal knowledge-based exam. Making an impact on the international scene Romanian psychology in general has had little impact on the international scene David et al.

Concluding Editorial So there you have it—an enlightening overview of Romanian I-O psychology and the transformations it has undergone.